The human gut contains trillions of bacteria and trillions of microorganisms.
These trillions of organisms are part of our immune system and have been found to play a major role in disease prevention and treatment.
The gut microbiome is one of the most studied parts of the human body.
But there’s also some research suggesting that our gut bacteria are linked to a number of conditions, including allergies, asthma, depression, and obesity.
And there’s some evidence that these changes can be triggered by foods that are high in carbohydrates and sugar.
One study even found that people who eat more processed food may be more likely to develop heart disease.
But what are some of the key factors that influence the gut microbiome?
How do we know what to eat and when to eat it?
To find out, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign recruited a group of nearly 500 healthy volunteers and asked them to take part in a 10-day survey on their gut microbiome.
After the 10-days, the participants were followed up for six months, and the researchers compared their gut microbes to those of a control group.
“We really wanted to find out if there was a link between gut microbes and chronic disease,” said senior author Michael J. Rupprecht, who conducted the study at the UI Department of Medical Biomedical Sciences.
Ruppfert, who is also a member of the Urbanas research team, believes that gut microbes are associated with chronic inflammation in the body because they are the main producers of cytokines, or inflammatory molecules. “
It was also associated with higher rates of chronic inflammation.”
Ruppfert, who is also a member of the Urbanas research team, believes that gut microbes are associated with chronic inflammation in the body because they are the main producers of cytokines, or inflammatory molecules.
These molecules play a key role in inflammation, causing cells to become activated and the body to change its way of doing things.
This inflammatory response can lead to diseases such as type 2 diabetes and obesity, and may contribute to a higher risk of heart disease and obesity-related chronic diseases.
Ruprecht’s team was able to examine how the participants’ gut microbes differed between the two groups.
The researchers found that participants who were more insulin resistant, who had higher rates and severity of inflammatory disease, and who were also more likely than the control group to have heart failure were significantly more likely in their gut to have increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in their blood.
Additionally, they also found that the participants who ate more processed foods, who ate a high amount of sugar, and had a history of chronic disease were significantly less likely to have elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines.
“The fact that people with insulin resistance and those who have higher risk factors for heart failure are more likely have elevated inflammation in their intestines is interesting,” said Ruppfe, who also is the lead author of a study published in the journal Gut Microbes.
“However, there’s still some work to be done on this link.”
And while Rupps group found that gut microbial changes were associated with a number other conditions, Ruppsch’s study also focused on what happens in the gut after a meal.
Rupsch’s group also found significant differences in the bacteria in the guts of people who ate the most processed food, compared to those who ate less processed food.
“People who eat processed foods are also more susceptible to obesity,” Rupp, the senior author, said.
“And they’re also more prone to type 2 disease, diabetes, and heart attacks.”
The findings are interesting, because many of the things that we’re eating affect our gut microbiome in different ways.
Some foods may trigger inflammation, while others may increase the immune system’s ability to fight infections.
So while the gut bacteria and their immune system have a lot to do with how we feel, there are some other factors that can influence our health, including the foods we eat.
“This study does suggest that it may be a good idea to eat a diet with less processed foods and fewer calories than what you would normally eat,” said lead author Dr. Laura M. Zang, a professor of medicine at the Urbrana-Owen Graduate School of Medicine.
“If we can help people live healthier lives and feel good about themselves, then that’s something that we all should be striving for.”
For more health information, visit the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website.